RADIATION THERAPY




Radiation Oncology (sometimes called radiation therapy or radiotherapy) is the medical use of radiation in the treatment of various diseases, primarily cancer. At Cebu Doctors' University Hospital - Radiation Therapy Center (CDUH-RTC) the treatments are given by a machine called a Medical Linear Accelerator (LINAC). The radiation produced by the linac is computer controlled to destroy abnormal cells while preserving the normal, surrounding tissue. In many cases, radiation therapy is the single best method for the treatment of diseases such as cancer, but it also may be combined with surgery and/or chemotherapy.

Our objective is to deliver the prescribed dose of radiation to the accurately localized cancer-bearing tissues in order to produce tumor control and restrict the dose to surrounding normal tissues so that the probability of clinically significant damage to normal tissues is kept to an acceptable level. Providing radiation therapy is a team effort composed of the radiation oncologist, assisted by a medical physicist, radiation therapists, and a radiation oncology nurse. Each team member is trained, certified, or licensed as a specialist.


SERVICES OFFERED

The following are the different types of radiation therapy services offered:
  • Conventional or 2-D (Two-dimensional) Radiation Therapy
    • The tumor volume and organs at risk are identified and their depths determined using 2D or two dimensional simulation and treatment planning with the aid of simulator radiographs
  • 3-D (Three-dimensional) Conformal Radiation Therapy
    • This requires Computed Tomography (CT-Scan) simulation and treatment planning to allow more accurate definition of tumor volume and anatomy of critical normal structures, and optimization of the radiation dose distribution
  • Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy or IMRT
    • This is more advanced approach to 3-D treatment planning and conformal radiation therapy by a dynamic delivery of radiation resulting to the modulation the intensity of radiation delivered to the tumor volume. This allows for higher doses of radiation delivered to the tumor volume while sparing the normal neighboring tissues.

EQUIPMENT

Varian Clinac 600C 6 MV Medical Linear Accelerator

CDUH Radiation Therapy

OUR TEAM

CDUH Laboratory Department


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is external beam radiation therapy?

External Beam Radiation Therapy uses high-energy radiation which is delivered by a machine outside the body to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells.


How does radiation therapy kill cancer cells

Radiation therapy kills cancer cells by damaging their DNA (the molecules inside cells that carry genetic information and pass it from one generation to the next).

Radiation therapy can either damage DNA directly or create charged particles (free radicals) within the cells that can in turn damage the DNA. Cancer cells whose DNA is damaged beyond repair stop dividing or die.

When the damaged cells die, they are broken down and eliminated by the body's natural processes.


Does Radiation Therapy kill only cancer cells?

NO! radiation therapy can also damage normal cells, leading to side effects. Doctors take potential damage to normal cells into account when planning a course of radiation therapy. The amount of radiation that normal tissue can safely receive is known for all parts of the body. Doctors use this information to help them decide where to aim radiation during treatment.


Why do patients receive radiation therapy?

Radiation therapy is sometimes given with curative intent (that is, with the hope that the treatment will cure a cancer, either by eliminating a tumor, preventing cancer recurrence, or both). In such cases, radiation therapy may be used alone or in combination with surgery, chemotherapy, or both. Radiation therapy may also be given with palliative intent. Palliative treatments are not intended to cure. Instead, they relieve symptoms and reduce the suffering caused by cancer. Some examples of palliative radiation therapy are:

  • Radiation given to the brain to shrink tumors formed from cancer cells that have spread to the brain from another part of the body (metastases).
  • Radiation given to shrink a tumor that is pressing on the spine or growing within a bone, which can cause pain.
  • Radiation given to shrink a tumor near the esophagus, which can interfere with a patient's ability to eat and drink.


How is radiation therapy planned for an individual patient?

A radiation oncologist develops a patient's treatment plan through a process called treatment planning, which begins with simulation. During simulation, detailed imaging scans show the location of a patient's tumor and the normal areas around it. These scans are usually computed tomography (CT) scans, but they can also include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and ultrasound scans.


CLINIC HOURS
Monday to Friday
7:30 AM to 12:00 NN
1:00 PM to 4:30 PM
Closed on Weekends and Holidays

RADIATION THERAPY
G/F Cebu Doctors' University Hospital
Telephone No.: (+63) 32 255 - 5555 Local 115
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Contact Us

Cebu Doctors' University Hospital
Osmeña Blvd, Cebu City, Cebu 6000
Tel No. (+63)32 255 - 5555
Tel No. (+63)32 253 - 7511 to 34
Email info@cduh.com.ph